Discuss what is meant by the following:
a) Modern democracy
b) Citizenship education
What is the meaning of Modern Democracy?
In many ways, modern democracy is the complete opposite of traditional democracies.
Modern democracy necessitates the existence of a constitution, equality under the law, individual
rights and freedoms, civil rights and freedoms, human rights, and the rule of law to ensure the
enforcement of those rights and freedoms. Transparency and accountability are required of the
government. A key aspect of modern democracy is the existence of democratic processes outside
of the government, such as a free and independent news media and extensive involvement in
labor unions (Bondaletov et al, 2016). Modern democracy advocates for the abolition of all
vestiges of aristocratic institutions.
Classic example of modern democracies
Switzerland has the most substantial claim to be examined among modern democracies,
which are actual democracies. It is the oldest because it has communities. Popular administration
dates far older than anyplace else globally; it has promoted and applied democratic ideas more
persistently than any other European country. It is also a federal state and features a broader
range of institutions founded on democratic ideals within relatively limited bounds than any
other country (Myrdal, 217), even more, significant than those that the Federations of America
and Australia can demonstrate.
Citizen education enables individuals to comprehend, criticize and interact with
democracy, such as governance, media, democratic institutions, economics, and legislation.
Democracies need engaged, knowledgeable, and accountable individuals willing to take
responsibility and participate in political processes for themselves and their societies. It helps individuals grow their self-esteem and a feeling of agency and manages life transitions and
problems such as harassment and discrimination successfully. It provides kids a voice: in school
life, in their neighborhoods, and the whole of society. It allows them to contribute positively to
developing the information and experience needed to reaffirm and comprehend their rights
(Goren & Yemini, 2017). It prepares students for adult and working life’s problems and
Citizenship on societies and Institutions
Citizenship also benefits societies, other training institutions, and society as a whole. It
contributes to engaged and responsible learners, who positively connect, to staff and the
neighborhood, in societies and educational organizations. For society, it helps to establish
responsible and engaged citizenship, eager to take part in the lives of the nation and the globe,
and engage in democracy. The effectiveness and execution of education for citizenship programs
are determined by whether the glass is full or empty (Castro & Knowles, 2017). While there is
excellent work to promote young public attention, knowledge, abilities, and attitudes in
citizenship and democracy, instances of true democracy based on kid’s human rights are
incredibly scarce, if not non-existent. It’s all about hearts and minds.
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