Climate Change in Developing Countries – Kenya


Climate change is the statistical distribution of weather patterns when the change lasts for an extended period of time.

Question 1.

  • Rising surface temperatures in Kenya there has been gradually increased temperature due to climate change.
  • Rising sea level. The Indian Ocean has increased its level due to climate change and this has increased damages in the coastal shorelines.
  • More acidic oceans. The Indian Ocean has increased its acidic due to climate change and this has lead to the loss of aquatic life both flora and fauna.
  • Change in local rainfall and river runoff patterns. Rainfall in the country is now unpredictable due to climate change and this has led to poor farming.

Gradual Environmental Degradation

Melting of glaciers

  • Mount Kenya glaciers have reduced drastically due to climate change. In 1963 the mountain had 11 glaciers and now it has reduced nearly to 7 and this is due to climate change.


  • Climate change has now lead to desertification in the country, for instance, Turkana is now receiving minimal rainfall.
  • Climate changing in Kenya have also lead to increasing species range shift, for instance, migration of wild beast.
  • Wildfires. Climate change has also lead to increased wildfires in our country due to the prolonged dry season.



  • Climate change has now turned our rivers and takes to be saline.

Extreme events


Climate change has also lead to extreme events like floods, for instance, In 1997 and 1998 Kenya received a lot of rainfall which has led to extreme floods and loss of properties and life i.e Elnino



Climate change has also lead to droughts, for instance, the year 2017 the country received very little rainfall which was not enough for doing agriculture and pastures for livestock. Many people encountered losses due to these droughts, for instance, pastoralist and agriculture sector.

Food Security

Due to climate change in Kenya. The field of crops has reduced which is leading to hunger in the country.


Climate change in Kenya has also lead to malnutrition, diarrhea, malaria, and cardiovascular. Also, it has lead to a change of distribution of some diseases vectors.


Question 2.

  • Develop crop varieties with greater drought resistance.
  • Rainwater storage for livestock and irrigation
  • Falling back from crops to wild edible fruits, roots, and leaves. Promoting the growth of forests can provide these backup these flood supplies and also provide watershed conservation, carbon sequestration, and aesthetic value.
  • Modernizing existing irrigation schemes to suit modern methods of farming.
  • Rainwater storage to deal with more frequent flooding rainfall.
  • Use of air conditioners in our institutions and our residence.
  • Installing devices to prevent seawater from back flowing.
  • Evict and compensate people who are in flood-prone areas, for instance, Bundalangi.


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