**Linear Inequalities 1 **

A linear inequality is an inequality which is represented on a graph paper. A linear inequality contains special symbols of inequality such as >(Greater than),<(less than), >=(Greater than or equal to), <=(Less than or equal to) etc..

- Determine the inequalities that represent and satisfies the unshaded region (3 mks)

- Write down the inequalities that satisfy the u shaded region in the figure below. (4mks)

- Find all integral values that satisfy the inequality 2x + 3 ³ 5x – 3 > -8. (3mks)
- a) Find the range of values x which satisfied the following inequalities simultaneously. (2 mks)

4x – 9 __< __ 6 + x

8 – 3x __< __ x + 4

- b) Represent the range of values of x on a number line. (1 mark)
- Solve the inequality<< (2mks)
- (a) Show by shading the unwanted region the area represented by and on the grid provided (8 mks)

(b) Calculate the area of the enclosed region (2 mks)

- Solve the inequality below and write down the integral values that satisfy the equality -3x + 2 < x + 6 ≤ 17 – 2x (3 mks)
- State all the integral values of a which satisfy the inequality

(3mks)

- Solve the inequality ½ x -2 £ 3x – 2 <2 + ½ x and state the integral values which satisfy these inequalities. (3 marks)
- Write down the inequalities that satisfy the given region simultaneously. (3mks)

- Write down the inequalities that define the unshaded region marked R in the figure below. (3mks)

- Write down all the inequalities represented by the regions R. (3mks)

- a) On the grid provided draw the graph of y = 4 + 3x – x
^{2}for the integral values

of x in the interval -2 £ X £ 5. Use a scale of 2cm to represent 1 unit on the x-axis and 1

cm to represent 1 unit on the y-axis. (6mks)

- b) State the turning point of the graph. (1mk)
- c) Use your graph to solve.

(i) -x^{2} + 3x + 4 = 0

(ii) 4x = x^{2} (3mks)

- Solve the following inequality (3 marks)
- The diagram below shows the graphs of y =
^{3}/_{10}x –^{3}/_{2}, 5x + 6y = 3 and x = 2

By shading the unwanted region, determine and label the region** R** that satisfies the three

inequalities; y ≥ ^{3}/_{10} x – ^{3}/_{2},

5x + 6y ≥ 30 and x ≥ 2

* *

- The cost of 7 shirts and 3 pairs of trousers is shs. 2950 while that of 5 pairs of trousers and 3 shirts

is less by 200. How much will Dan pay for 2 shirts and 2 pairs of trousers?

- Mr. Wafula went to the supermarket and bought two biros and five pencils at sh.120.

Whereas three biros and two pencils cost him sh.114. Find the cost of each biro and pencils

- A father is twice as old as his son now. Ten years ago, the ratio of their ages was 5:2.

Find their present ages

* *

- List the integral values of
**x**which satisfy the inequalities below:-

2x + 21 > 15 – 2x ³x + 6

* *

- Find the equation of a line which passes through (-1, -4) and is perpendicular to the line:-

y + 2x – 4 = 0

- John bought two shirts and three pairs of trousers at Kshs. 1750. If he had bought three shirts

and two pairs of trousers, he would have saved Kshs. 250. Find the cost of a shirt and a trouser.

- Express the recurring decimal 3.81 as an improper fraction and hence as a mixed number
- Karani bought 4 pencils and 6 biro pens for shs.66 and Mary bought 2 pencils and 5 biro

pens for shs.51

(a) Find the price of each item

(b) Ondieki spent shs.228 to buy the same type of pencils and biro pens. If the number

of biro pens he bought were 4 more than the number of pencils, find the number of

pencils he bought

- Two consecutive odd numbers are such that the difference of twice the larger number

and twice the smaller number is 21. Find the product of the numbers

* *

- The size of an interior angle of a regular polygon is
**3x**while its exterior angle is^{o}**(x-20)**^{o. }

Find the number of sides of the polygon

* *

- Five shirts and four pairs of trousers cost a total of shs.6160. Three similar shirts and

a pair of trousers cost shs.2800. Find the cost of four shirts and two pairs of trousers

- Two pairs of trousers and three shirts cost a total of Shs.390. Five such pairs of trousers and two shirts cost a total of Shs.810. Find the price of a pair of trousers and a shirt

**Read Also: Geometrical Constructions**